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外国人在斯洛伐克领土的居留

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Residence of Foreigners in Territory of Slovakia

Types of residence
Based on an application and in compliance with the purpose it pursues, a foreign national may be granted, once the requirements have been met as set in  §§  20 through 76 of Act No. 404/2011 on Residence of Aliens and Amendment and Supplementation of Certain  Acts, a permit for temporary (for the purpose of business; employment; study; special activity; research and development; family unification; performing service obligations by civil units of armed forces; who has the status of a Slovak living abroad; who has the statues of a person with long term residence in another member state; the residence on the basis of a blue card of the European Union), permanent ( residence for five years; residence of unlimited duration; residence of a third country national with acknowledged status of a person with long term residence in the European Union) or tolerated residence. The residence of the Union citizen and the residence of the family member of the Union citizen shall be permanent residence.

Temporary residence
A temporary residence permit entitles foreign nationals  –  holders of a valid travel document  –  to stay in the territory of the Slovak Republic and freely enter and leave its territory within the time period for which the permit has been granted by a competent  police department. The temporary residence permits are granted for a specific purpose, such as: business (§  22), employment (§  23), studies (§  24), special activity (§  25), research and development (§  26), or family reunion (§27), performing service obligations by civil units of armed forces (§  28), who has the status of a Slovak living abroad (§  29), who has the statues of a person with long term residence in another member state (§  30), the residence on the basis of a Blue Card of the European Union (§  37). Temporary residence shall be bound with a single purpose: business (for a period of up to 3 years), employment up to 2 years), studies (up to 6 years), special activity (up to 2 years), research and development (up to 2 years), or family reunion (up to 5 years), performing service obligations by civil units of armed forces (up to 5 years), who has the status of a Slovak living abroad (for 3 years), who has the statues of a person with long term residence in another member state (up to 5 years), the residence on the basis of a Blue Card of the European Union (up to 3 years).

Permanent residence
A permanent residence enables a third country national to stay, exit and re-enter the Slovak Republic territory during the time period as specified by a police department. Permanent residence enables a third country national to stay, exit and re-enter the Slovak Republic territory during the time period as specified by a police department, unless provided otherwise herein. Permanent residence shall be for five years, of unlimited duration, of a third country national with acknowledged status of a person with long term residence in the European Union. A police shall grant, upon the application of a third country national, permanent residence of unlimited duration to a  third country national who has had permanent residence for at least four years as per Art. 43, or is a child younger than 18 years of age of a third country national with permanent residence of unlimited duration. The Ministry of Interior can grant permanent residence of unlimited duration even without fulfilling the conditions as specified herein, if necessary for the provision of protection and assistance to a witness as per a special regulation; to a person without any citizenship, for reasons of particular concern, upon a proposal of the Slovak Information Service due to safety interests of the Slovak Republic, or to a full aged person who has been granted a tolerated residence for at least three years of study at a school in the Slovak Republic territory. New reason for cancellation of permanent residence is, if the alien requests assistance in material need. 

Tolerated residence

A police department shall grant tolerated residence to a third country national, if there is no reason for the refusal of a request as per Art. 59 par. 12 (b), in the case of his/her administrative expulsion as per Art. 81, who was granted a temporary refuge, or if his/her exit is impossible and his/her detention is inefficient.

A police department shall grant tolerated residence  to a third country national if there are no reasons for the refusal of an application as per Art. 59 par. 12, who is a minor person found in the Slovak Republic territory, if required due to the respect for his/her personal and family life and not threatening the state safety or public order; a third country national as per Art. 27 par. 1 and Art. 43 par. 1(a) to (d) such a residence can be granted only then, if s/he is not a holder of a valid travel document and demonstrates his/her identity in another trustworthy way, who is the victim of human trafficking, if s/he is at least 18 years old; a police department or a person authorised by the Ministry of Interior shall inform the third country national about the possibility and conditions for the granting of tolerated residence for this reason and about the rights and duties which follow from this.

Applying for residence permits
An application for the granting of temporary residence shall be filed by a third country national in an official form. When filing an application for the granting of temporary residence, the third country national shall be obliged to submit a valid travel document and all the necessities for the application for the granting of temporary residence defined herein; otherwise the representing authority or police department shall not accept the application for the granting of temporary residence.
Conditions governing the residence permit application procedure are specified in  §31 through  §34 and  §  38–40 (for the temporary residence), in  §48  through  §48 (for the permanent residence) and in  §59 (for tolerated residence) of Act No. 404/2011 on Residence of Aliens and Amendment and Supplementation of Certain Acts.
An application for the granting of temporary residence shall be filed by a third country national in person abroad at a representing authority accredited for the state which has issued a travel document for him/her or at a representing authority accredited for the state in which s/he has permanent residence; unless provided otherwise herein; if there is no such an embassy or in exceptional circumstances the Ministry of Foreign Affairs shall determine, following to the agreement with the Ministry of Interior, another representing authority where the third country national files the application for the granting of temporary residence. The representing authority which has received the application shall issue a certificate of receipt to the applicant on the date  of its receipt. A representing authority which has received the application shall perform an interview with the applicant for the granting of temporary residence in order to preliminarily evaluate the application. The interview shall be performed in the state language or in another language which is comprehensible for both parties. The representing authority shall prepare a written record about the interview which is to be attached to the application for the granting of temporary residence. The record shall be prepared in the state language and must be signed by the applicant. If the applicant cannot speak the state language, s/he can provide for an interpreter at his/her own cost who shall be obliged to sign the record. The representing authority shall send its statement on the granting of temporary residence to the police department together with the record; and the statement shall specify, whether the granting of temporary residence is recommended or not, giving specific reasons. An application for the granting of temporary residence can be also filed in person by a third country national at a police department, if his/her residence in the Slovak Republic territory is authorised; whereas the filing of an application shall not make the residence of a third country national in the Slovak Republic territory authorised beyond the conditions defined in a special regulation. Application for tolerated residence shall be applied on the relevant Department of the Aliens Police.
The schedule of administrative charges are in the part II, Internal Administration, the wording of item 24.

本文来源于:斯洛伐克领事馆


外国人在斯洛伐克领土的居留


居留类型
根据申请并遵守其所追求的目的,一旦符合外国人居住法第 404/2011 号法案第 20 至第 76 条规定的要求,以及修改和补充某些法令,临时许可证(为商业目的;就业;学习;特别活动;研究与开发;家庭团聚;由武装部队的民事单位履行服务义务;具有斯洛伐克人在国外的地位;长期居住在另一成员国的人的雕像;以欧洲联盟的蓝卡为基础的居住地) ,永久居住(居住五年;居留期限无限制;居留第三国国民承认身份的长期居住在欧洲联盟的人)或容许居住。  联盟公民的居住地和联盟公民的家庭成员的居住地应是永久居留。


临时居留
临时居留证允许外国人  -  有效旅行证件持有人有权在斯洛伐克共和国领土内逗留,并在主管警察局授予许可证的时限内自由进入和离开其领土。临时居留许可是为特定目的而准许的,例如:商业(第 22 条),就业(第 23 条),研究(第 24 条),特别活动(第 25 条),研究与开发(第 26 条)(第 27 条),由武装部队民事单位履行服务义务(第 28 条),拥有斯洛伐克人在国外的地位(第 29 条),拥有长期居住在另一成员国的人的雕像第  30 条),根据欧洲联盟的蓝卡(第 37 条)。临时居留应以单一目的约束:商业(最长 3 年),最多 2 年的工作,研究(最多 6 年),特别活动(最多 2 年),研究与开发(最多 2 年)或家庭团聚(最多 5年),由武装部队民兵单位履行服务义务(最多 5 年),具有斯洛伐克人在国外的地位(3 年)的地位,在长期居住在另一成员国(长达 5 年)的人的雕像,根据欧洲联盟的蓝卡(长达 3 年)的居住。


永久居留
永久居留可使第三国国民在警察局指定的时间段内逗留,出境和重新进入斯洛伐克共和国领土。永久居留使第三国国民在警察局规定的期间逗留,出境和重新进入斯洛伐克共和国领土,除非另有规定。  永久居留应为无限期的第三国国民,在欧洲联盟有长期居留权的人员确认地位。警察应应第三国国民的申请,给予第三国国民永久居留权,该第三国国民根据第三国永久居留至少四年。  43,或者是年龄在 18 岁以下的永久居留无限期的第三国国民的儿童。内政部可以给予永久居留无限期,即使没有满足本条规定的条件,如果根据特别条例向证人提供保护和援助是必要的;  根据斯洛伐克共和国安全利益的斯洛伐克新闻处的建议,或由于已获得容许居住至少三年的完全老年人,由于特别关注的原因,任何人没有任何公民身份。在斯洛伐克共和国领土的一所学校。取消永久居留的新理由是,如果外国人请求物质需要援助。


容许居留

如果没有理由拒绝根据第三国国民的请求,警察局应给予第三国国民容许的居住权。   59 par。   12 (b)款,如果根据第 12 条行政驱逐,  81,他被给予临时避难,或者如果他/她的退出是不可能的,他/她的拘留是无效的。如果没有理由拒绝申请,警察局应给予第三国国民容许的居住权。  59 par。  12,如果需要,由于尊重他/她的个人和家庭生活,并且不威胁国家安全或公共秩序,他是在斯洛伐克共和国境内找到的未成年人; 第三国国民。  27 par。  1 和 Art。  43 par。  1(a)至(d)条规定,如果居住地不是有效旅行证件的持有人,并以另一种可靠的方式表明其身份是贩运人口的受害者,   s /他至少 18 岁;  警察部门或内政部授权的人员应通知第三国家有关为此给予容忍居住的可能性和条件以及此后的权利和义务。


申请居留许可
批准临时居留的申请应由第三国国民以官方形式提出。  在提交临时居留许可申请时,第三国国民有义务提交有效的旅行证件和申请批准临时居留申请的所有必需品;  否则代表机关或警察局不得接受批准临时居留的申请。
关于居留许可申请程序的条件在第 31 至第 34 段和第 38-40 段(临时居留),第 48 段至第 48 段(永久居留)和第 59 段(容许居住)  关于外国人居留和修正和补充某些行为的第 404/2011 号。
批准临时居留的申请应由第三国国民在国外的国家代表机构提交,该国代表机构是为其为其/她或在代表机构签发旅行证件的国家认可的,他有永久居留权;除非本文另有规定;  如果没有这样的大使馆或在特殊情况下,外交部在与内政部达成协议后,应决定另一个代表当局,第三国国民提出临时居留许可申请。收到申请的代表机构应在收到申请之日向申请人发出收据证明。收到申请的代表机构应当与申请人进行临时居留许可的面谈,  以便对申请进行初步评估。面试应以国家语言或双方可理解的其他语言进行。代表机构应准备一份关于临时居留申请所附的面谈的书面记录。记录应以国家语言编写,并且必须由申请人签字。如果申请人不能说国家语言,他/他可以自费提供口译员,他必须签署记录。代表机关应当将其临时居留许可的声明与记录一起发送给警察局;  并且该说明应具体说明是否给予临时居留建议,具体原因。如果他/她在斯洛伐克共和国境内的住所获得授权,也可由第三国国民在警察局亲自提出申请临时居留的申请;  而提出申请不得使第三国国民在斯洛伐克共和国境内的居住地超出特别条例所规定的条件。  申请容许居住权应适用于外国人警察的有关部门。
行政费用表见第二部分,即内部行政当局,项目 24 的措辞。

网址:(包含 PDF 文件有,外国人在斯洛伐克的居留,关于外国人居留以及修订和补充的行为,接受居留申请需要提交的文件,居留、5 年居留、永久居留的申请表)

**以上文件内容,  只供参考,  以斯洛伐克政府公佈为准,  中文内容只是普通翻译** 




聚合标签:斯洛伐克居留,斯洛伐克居留条件,斯洛伐克移民条件,斯洛伐克移民法例,斯洛伐克居留流程